Types Of Pellet Stoves

Pellet stoves come in various models. Here are major types of pellet stoves-

Top-fed pellet stove

In top fed models, the hopper is located at the top of the auger. In this design, pellets are loaded into the auger from the top. The pellets go down through a chute into the fire. The merit of this model is that it reduces the chances of fire engulfing the pellets in the hopper. But there is flipside too. It is likely to get clogged with ashes and clinkers. As a result, if you are using this model, buy high-grade pellets that are low-ash. These models give better heating efficiency as pellets are completely burned.

Bottom-fed models

These models deliver the pellet horizontally, either from the side of the fire or from behind it. You do not need premium quality of fuel for this as ash and clinkers are moved away from the burnt area due to horizontal movement. This keep the air inlets open and less cleaning is required, but these models are not as efficient as top-fed models.

Pellet stoves are available as freestanding units as well as inserts. The former looks like conventional wood heaters. They are quite efficient to heat a single room. You can use them to warm the adjacent rooms, if you have a fan to force the warm air into those other spaces. Pellet stove inserts can be bought to convert your existing, drafty, masonry fireplace into an efficient, reliable heating source. Some brands also offer pellet-fuelled furnaces and boilers.

The capacity of pellet stoves are measured in heat output range, also called heating capacity. A pellet stove on an average has an output between 8,000 and 90,000 BTUs (British Thermal Units) per hour. If you are planning to buy a pellet stove for your house, talk to a knowledgeable dealer who will consider the different variables and determine the best choice for you.

A pellet stove is powered by electricity. You have to position it at a proximal distance from a 110-volt outlet. In case you encounter frequent power outrages, you will need to have a battery backup or a gas-powered generator.

Most pellet stoves cost between $1,700 and $3,000. Cost of installing a pellet stove is cost effective compared to a conventional wood-burning heater. You do not need to install a chimney for your pellet stove. They can vent directly to the room.





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