What Is A Pellet Stove And What Are Its Advantages?

The increasing cost of fuel and electricity has become an important issue before every homeowner in America. A result using alternative sources of fuel is tops the list of all users. Pellets are cost effective fuels for heating houses. Pellets almost looks like rabbit-feed and are made of different bio-mass wastes, such as recycled wood shavings, sawdust, corn, walnut, and peanut shells. Pellet stoves look quite similar to wood stoves. But unlike wood, pellets burn cleanly without causing any harm to the environment. We will look at the various advantages of pellet stoves.

Advantages of Burning Pellets

• Pellets are a very appropriate utilization of waste which would otherwise end up in landfills. They waste matter is ground and made into tiny nuggets. They are light and usually come in packets of 40 pounds.

• 3 tons of pellets are enough to meet the fuel needs of a heating season. It would cost about $825. It is quite impossible to heat the house with oil or gas at this price.

• One ton of wood pellets can provide energy that is equal to 2.8 barrels of fuel oil. The energy produced by 3 million tons of wood pellets is equivalent to 8.5 million barrels or 356 million gallons.

• Direct thermal conversion of pellets has an efficiency level of approximately 80%.

• Pellet stoves have very low level of particulate emission. An EPA certified wood stove would emit 5 grams pf particulate per hour compared to pellet stove that would give out 1 gram per hour. Each ton of pellet reduces CO2 emissions by about 1.5 tons.

• Pellets are cheaper than wood chips.

• Pellets are made by compressing the waste materials. The process of compression drains the moisture out of the pellets. It brings down their moisture content to below 8 percent. Wood has moisture content of almost 20 %. As a result pellets can produce much more heat than wood. The driers the fuel, the more efficient it is.

• Compared with EPA-certified wood stoves, which give off about 5 grams of particulates per hour, pellet stoves give off less than 1 gram per hour.

• Pellets also generate less ash and creosote than wood. The exhaust of a wood stove blackens glass doors and causes a thick coating in chimneys. The latter is a major cause of chimney fire.

• Pellet stoves offer 75 percent to 90 percent efficiency.

• Pellet stoves also come with hoppers. In these you can store pellets that will be used for the day or for days. You can store from 35 to 130 pounds of pellets. The larger the bin the less often they require refilling.


• The mechanism of a pellet stove is a bit complex.

• They have many moving parts and motor as a result they need more maintenance then fuel burning stoves.



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